Citrus Aurantium Bergamia
Before I even hit my pillow, I am dreaming of waking to the taste, already on my lips...
of my morning Earl Grey...
Astringent, sweet, sensual, masculine citrus. This dynamic blend of Camellia sinensis and Bergamot, could easily pass for a cologne or perfume, the aroma carrying on warm vapor awakens my mind and sets my day off to a mellow start. Add Corn Flower, Lemon and Sweet Orange peels, introduce Lady Grey, the more feminine version of this traditional black tea.
Native to Southern Italy, named for the town of Bergamo where it was first distilled, Citrus aurantium bergamia is found around the Mediterranean basin. The unripe peels are often candied and served as spoon sweets in Greece and made into marmalades. In Italian herbalism, they are a folk remedy for worms and fever. The Pangea Organics Essential Oil found in the Australian Plum and Willow Facial cleanser, and as a single Essential Oil extract is grown in the Calabria region.
Not to be mistaken for the annual herb Bee Balm, Monarda didyma, also referred to as Bergamot. Some believe it to be either a mutation or a hybrid of Bitter Orange, Citrus aurantium, the leaves of which are used for lowering fever, as an antispasmodic and sedative throughout Asia as well as in Latino and Caribbean herbalism. The peel of Bitter Orange, a carminative for indigestion, is also effective in lowering high blood pressure.
Sipping Early Grey as I write, the smell of Bergamot is instantly soothing and awakening. Anti-inflammatory internally and externally, this beautiful citrus peel is a potent part to any facial care regime for the regeneration of skin cells by invigorating the small capillaries. Strongly antibacterial and antiviral, mixed with Jojoba oil, Lavender and Rosemary Essential Oils to treat psoriasis, eczema and acne. Repeatedly shown in clinical trials to kill a variety of pathogenic bacteria, it is especially potent against MRSA, both topically and as an inhalation. Specifically, effective against Helicobacter pylori, the bacteria most related to stomach ulcers, Bergamot aroma-therapeutically is stress relieving, a common contributor to chronic stomach ulcers. An active antiviral, topically and internally along with Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis) for herpes, mumps, chickenpox and shingles. Effective against multiple fungal strains, Bergamot well diluted intravaginally in Coconut oil, with Apple Cider Vinegar as a douche and as a vagina steam for yeast infections and cystitis.
Internally, Polyphenols extracted from the fruit of Citrus aurantium bergamia has been shown to reduce cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting glucose in patients with hyperlipidemia, positively effecting Metabolic syndrome (MetS). Symptoms of MetS are related to high stress and poor diet, resulting in abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia, high blood pressure, elevated triglycerides, and low concentrations of high-density lipoprotein (HDL aka the "good" cholesterol). MetS is associated with an increased risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Type 2 Diabetes. With regular and appropriate exercise, increased intake of whole, vital foods, stress reduction techniques, herbal and nutrient supplements, patients can actively avoid these life-threatening illnesses.
There has been one study reporting that Bergamot Essential Oil caused 100% mortality of early fourth-stage larvae of Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens pallens mosquitoes at concentrations of 100 and 25 ppm. The study suggests that Bergamot Essential Oil may be used to control mosquito populations which spread life threatening diseases such as Malaria, Dengue, Yellow Fever, Chikungunya and Zika. Safe for use during pregnancy, the aroma-therapeutic action helps to overcome compulsive and/or obsessive behaviors, eases smoking cessation and mood swings. Psycho-spiritually to helps radiate love and compassion while also nourishing the Heart Chakra, increasing the sense of selflove.
A Middle Note, this sophisticated aroma is used in perfumery for both masculine and feminine scents, typically with rich woody extracts of Vetiver, Black Pepper, Cedarwood and Patchouli.